Secondary interventions are targeted interventions designed for students who need additional supports beyond (yet in combination with) universal-level interventions. Secondary interventions are implemented in a standardized approach, which means key features of the intervention look similar across all children receiving the intervention. Secondary interventions typically occur after the onset of an identified concern or when a universal screening measure identifies a student or group of students at potential risk. Risk factors do not necessarily indicate poor outcomes, but rather refer to statistical predictors that suggest barriers to learning. Examples of risk factors may include loss of a parent or loved one, frequent moves resulting in multiple school placements, or exposure to violence and trauma.
Secondary interventions are implemented through the use of a comprehensive developmental approach that is collaborative, culturally sensitive, and geared towards skill development and/or increasing protective factors for students and their families. Examples of secondary interventions include but are not limited to the Check-In/Check-Out (CICO) program and Social Skills Intervention Groups. For very young children, a variety of parent training, social skills and social-emotional curricula, and multi-component intervention programs have been developed to provide assistance.